Harold W. Percival



Ponena za njonda yachilendo iyi, Harold Waldwin Percival, sitinena nkhaŵa ndi umunthu wake. Chidwi chathu chimakhala mwa zomwe adachita ndi momwe adazikwaniritsa. Percival mwiniyo adakonda kukhalabe wosamvetsetseka, monga momwe adanenera muzolemba za Mlembi Kuganiza ndi Kutha. Chifukwa cha ichi sankafuna kulemba mbiri ya anthu kapena kukhala ndi biography yolembedwa. Iye ankafuna kuti zolemba zake ziyimire payekha. Cholinga chake chinali chakuti mawu ake adziyesedwe molingana ndi mlingo wa kudzidziwitsa yekha mwa owerenga komanso osakhudzidwa ndi umunthu wa Percival.

Komabe, anthu amafuna kudziwa chinachake chokhudza wolemba, makamaka ngati akukhudzidwa kwambiri ndi malingaliro ake. Pamene Percival anamwalira ku 1953, ali ndi zaka makumi asanu ndi atatu mphambu zisanu ndi zinayi, palibe wina amene anali kumudziwa iye ali wamng'ono komanso ochepa chabe omwe amadziwa zambiri zokhudza moyo wake wam'tsogolo. Tasonkhanitsa mfundo zochepa zomwe zimadziwika; Komabe, izi siziyenera kuwonedwa kuti ndizomwe zimakhala zojambula, koma osati zojambula mwachidule.

(1868 - 1953)

Harold Waldwin Percival anabadwira ku Bridgetown, Barbados, British West Indies, pa April 15, 1868, pamunda wa makolo ake. Iye anali wachitatu pa ana anayi, ndipo palibe mmodzi mwa iwo amene anapulumuka iye. Makolo ake a Chingerezi, Elizabeth Ann Taylor ndi James Percival, anali Akhristu opembedza. Komabe zambiri zomwe anamva ali mwana wamng'ono siziwoneka zomveka, ndipo panalibe mayankho ogwira mtima ku mafunso ake ambiri. Anamva kuti ayenera kukhala omwe adadziwa, ndipo ali wamng'ono kwambiri adatsimikiza kuti adzapeza "anzeru" ndikuphunzira kuchokera kwa iwo. Pamene zaka zidapita, lingaliro lake la "Anzeru" anasintha, koma cholinga chake kuti adzidziwitse anakhalabe.

Harold Percival ali ndi zaka khumi, abambo ake anamwalira ndipo amayi ake anasamukira ku United States, kukakhala ku Boston, ndipo kenako ku New York City. Anasamalira amayi ake kwa zaka pafupifupi khumi ndi zitatu mpaka imfa yake ku 1905. Wowerenga mwakhama, makamaka anali wodzikonda.

Mu mzinda wa New York Percival anayamba chidwi ndi Theosophy ndipo adagwirizana ndi Theosophical Society ku 1892. Anthuwa adagawanika m'magulumagulu atafa ndi William Q. Woweruza ku 1896. Pambuyo pake Percival anapanga bungwe la Theosophical Society Independent, lomwe linakumana kuti liphunzire zolemba za Madame Blavatsky ndi "Malemba" a Kummawa.

Mu 1893, ndipo kawiri pazaka khumi ndi zinayi zotsatira, Percival anali ndi mwayi wapadera wokhala "Wodziwa Chikumbumtima," kuwunikira kwakukulu kwauzimu ndi chidziwitso. Iye adati, "Kudziwa Chisamaliro kumawulula 'osadziwika' kwa yemwe wakhala akudziŵa. Ndiye kudzakhala ntchito ya yemweyo kuti adziwitse zomwe angathe kuti adziŵe Chisamaliro. "Iye adanena kuti kufunika kwa chidziwitso chimenecho ndiko kumuthandiza kuti adziwe nkhani iliyonse ndi maganizo ake omwe amachitcha" kuganiza kwenikweni. "Chifukwa chakuti zochitika izi zinavumbula zambiri kuposa zomwe zinali mu Theosophy, iye ankafuna kulemba za iwo ndikugawana chidziwitso ichi ndi umunthu.

Kuchokera ku 1904 mpaka 1917, Percival inafalitsa magazini ya mwezi uliwonse, Mawu, yomwe idaperekedwera ku ubale waumunthu ndipo inafalikira padziko lonse lapansi. Olemba mabuku ambiri a tsikuli adathandizira magaziniyi komanso nkhani zonsezi zili ndi nkhani ya Percival. Zolemba zoyambirira izi zinamupangira malo Ndi Ndani Yemwe ku America.

Mu 1908, ndipo kwa zaka zingapo, Percival ndi amzanga angapo anali nawo ndipo amagwira ntchito pafupifupi maekala mazana asanu a zipatso, minda, ndi malo amtunda ku New York. Pamene nyumbayo idagulitsidwa Percival inalibe maekala makumi asanu ndi atatu omwe panali nyumba yaying'ono. Apa ndi pamene adakhala m'miyezi ya chilimwe ndikupereka nthawi yake ku ntchito yopitiliza pamipukutu yake.

Mu 1912 adayamba kufotokozera zinthu za buku lomwe lingakhale ndi dongosolo lake lonse la kuganiza. Chifukwa thupi lake lidayenera kukhala liribe pamene iye amaganiza, iye analamula nthawi iliyonse thandizo likapezeka. Mu 1932 cholemba choyamba chinatsirizidwa; idatchedwa Chilamulo cha Maganizo. Anapitiriza kugwira ntchito yolemba pamanja mobwerezabwereza kuti afotokoze ndikusintha. Iye sanafune kuti izi zikhale buku lachinsinsi ndipo anali wofunitsitsa kuvala ntchito yake m'mawu oyenerera molondola ngakhale patapita nthawi kapena kuyesetsa kwambiri. Dzina lake linasinthidwa kukhala Kuganiza ndi Kutha ndipo potsiriza amasindikizidwa mu 1946.

Kapepala kakang'ono kamodzi katsiku kameneka kanapangidwa kwa zaka makumi atatu ndi zinayi. Bukuli likufotokoza nkhani ya Munthu ndi dziko lake mwatsatanetsatane. Pambuyo pake, mu 1951, iye adafalitsa Mwamuna ndi Mkazi ndi Mwana ndi mu 1952, Masonry ndi Zizindikiro Zake ndi Demokarase Ndizokhazikitsa Boma. Mabuku atatu ang'onoang'ono akuchokera Kuganiza ndi Kutha ndipo muzichita nawo nkhani zina zofunika kwambiri mwatsatanetsatane.

Mu 1946, Percival, ndi abwenzi awiri, anapanga The Word Publishing Co., yomwe inayamba kufalitsa ndi kufalitsa mabuku ake. Panthawiyi, Percival anagwira ntchito yokonzekera mipukutu yowonjezera mabuku, koma nthawi zonse ankadzipereka kuti ayankhe mafunso ambiri ochokera kwa makalata.

The Foundation Foundation, Inc. inakhazikitsidwa mu 1950 kuti idziwitse kwa anthu a padziko lapansi mabuku onse olembedwa ndi Harold W. Percival ndi kutsimikizira kuti cholowa chake kwa umunthu chidzapitirizidwa. Percival adapatsa malemba a mabuku ake onse ku The Word Foundation, Inc.

Pa March 6, 1953, Percival anafa ndi zinthu zachilengedwe ku New York City masabata angapo asanabadwe tsiku la makumi asanu ndi atatu mphambu zisanu ndi zisanu. Thupi lake linatenthedwa, malingana ndi zofuna zake.

Zanenedwa kuti palibe yemwe akanakhoza kukomana ndi Percival popanda kumverera kuti anali atakumana ndi munthu wodabwitsa kwambiri. Ntchito zake zikuimira kukwaniritsidwa kwakukulu poyang'ana dziko lenileni, ndi kuthekera kwa anthu. Kupereka kwake kwa anthu kungakhudze kwambiri pa chitukuko chathu ndi chitukuko chomwe chikubwera.